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What Are the Gifts of the Spirit?

(WP does not play Facebook videos)


Corinth is a seaport filled with dock workers, streetwalkers, thieves, ruffians.   Pagans who worshiped Bacchus, the demon god of wine and orgies, with no sense of sexual morality. 

Now brought into the kingdom of God through Jesus, but have no idea how to live. They don’t know the moral laws of God.  They have to be instructed not to visit prostitutes, for example. 

Brash, immature, boastful, yet Paul calls them Holy and Sanctified.  And there is not one gift lacking among them. 

Sometimes it is easier to reach and disciple pagans than it is to teach the religious. 

Caution:  Beware of Elitism. You are not God’s ONLY chosen vessel 😮 🙂 

1 Corinthians 1:2–8

To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints together with all those who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours: 

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 

I give thanks to my God always for you because of the grace of God that was given you in Christ Jesus, that in every way you were enriched in him in all speech and all knowledge— 

even as the testimony about Christ was confirmed among you— so that you are not lacking in any gift, as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ, 

who will sustain you to the end, guiltless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Corinthians 1:2–8

1 Corinthians 12:1–11

Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be uninformed. You know that when you were pagans you were led astray to mute idols, however you were led. 

Therefore I want you to understand that no one speaking in the Spirit of God ever says “Jesus is accursed!” and no one can say “Jesus is Lord” except in the Holy Spirit. 

Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. 

To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, 

to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, 

to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. 

All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills. 1 Corinthians 12:1–11

1 Corinthians 12:27–13:3

Now you are the body of Christ and individually members of it. 

And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helping, administrating, and various kinds of tongues. 

Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work miracles? Do all possess gifts of healing? Do all speak with tongues? Do all interpret? But earnestly desire the higher gifts. 

And I will show you a still more excellent way. 

If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 

And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 

If I give away all I have, and if I deliver up my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing. 1 Corinthians 12:27–13:3

1 Corinthians 14:1–5

Pursue love and desire spiritual gifts, and above all that you may prophesy. 

For the person who speaks in another language is not speaking to men but to God, since no one understands him; however, he speaks mysteries in the Spirit. 

But the person who prophesies speaks to people for edification, encouragement, and consolation. The person who speaks in another language builds himself up, but he who prophesies builds up the church. 

I wish all of you spoke in other languages, but even more that you prophesied. The person who prophesies is greater than the person who speaks in languages, unless he interprets so that the church may be built up. 1 Corinthians 14:1–5


I will be a featured Artist in FASO on Saturday! | The Art of Jefferis

I will be a featured Artist in FASO on Saturday! | The Art of Jefferis:

The Art of Jefferis

Great NEWS!
Featured Artist in FASO
This Saturday

I am going to be featured in this Saturday’s special edition of the prestigious Informed Collector newsletter.

The upcoming edition is our weekly “New FASO Artist Members.” This newsletter goes to approximately 48,000 subscribers and your section will include buttons for people to receive new artwork alerts every time you post new artwork to your FASO website. This is an easy way for collectors to follow your progress and for you to get “automatic” marketing every time you post new artwork to your FASO website.

To sign up to receive Informed Collector so you can see my feature article, please go here.

My New Website on FASO Jefferis Peterson Fine Art to see a preview of my work.

Jefferis Peterson
The Art of Jefferis

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Covid – Religious Exemptions to Mandated Vaccine

Being Forced to “vaccinate” for work or lose your job? What happened to the idea of “my body my choice” used by those who advocate abortion? Ironic, isn’t it? Those same people now want to take away your choice.

If you have an objection to being forced to take an experimental shot with an increasing number of reported adverse consequences, some of which are severe, this website gives you legal documents to object to the mandate for religious and practical reasons. 

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What is Truth


Revelation vs. Natural Knowledge. 

For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God.

 And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual. The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.” (1 Corinthians 2:11–14, ESV)

What is a World-View?  

A world view is what people believe about what is True and what is Real? Belief Systems can be Strongholds of the Mind and of the Culture

What the World Thinks is Truth verses  what they believe is Fantasy, Superstition and/or Personal Opinions. 

Taken from:  ScholarsCorner.com/reaching-the-west. See also:

https://www.givehim15.com/post/july-20-2021 (praying for the unsaved)

The Western Worldview – Scientific Materialism.The World is a product of Chance, Natural forces, and Evolution without any divine involvement. The Ultimate truth is that there is no truth. Since there is no Creator, there is no purpose to life, there is no design, and there is no ultimate meaning to this world.

The Western Belief Structure – Scientific Empiricism.  Reality can be verified through experimental demonstration. Anything that cannot be tested and demonstrated empirically is merely an opinion (IOW not true). Therefore: Leads to Relativism

They believe God can’t do miracles, or there is no God. So, anyone who claims there is a God and there are morals is just annoying. 

In debates, we are playing baseball and they are playing football: we can’t agree on the rules of the game. Anyone can dismiss the bible because there is no ultimate standard of truth!

What Jesus Believed: 

The Jews answered him, “It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God.” Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? 

If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken— do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’?

 If I am not doing the works of my Father, then do not believe me; but if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father.” Again they sought to arrest him, but he escaped from their hands.” (John 10:33–39, ESV)

He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.” (Matthew 16:15–17, ESV)

In the Scriptures, God revealed himself as He is. He is the Living Word. He communicates by the Spirit and gives Revelation. 


“Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.” (John 17:15–17, ESV)

Remember the word that I said to you: ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they kept my word, they will also keep yours. But all these things they will do to you on account of my name, because they do not know him who sent me.” (John 15:20–21, ESV)

Our Task: 

the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds. (2 Corinthians 10:3–6, ESV)

And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers (2 Corinthians 4:3–6, ESV)

 It is going to take signs and wonders and miracles to break the yoke of unbelief off this culture.  

For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience—by word and deed, by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God—so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;” (Romans 15:18–19, ESV)

If I had not done among them the works that no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin, but now they have seen and hated both me and my Father. But the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: ‘They hated me without a cause.’” (John 15:24–25, ESV)

God will use YOU! And the World will take notice. 

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Persecution: A Promise from Jesus

A Tag Team Sermon with Gary Fine

Blessed Are The Persecuted 

            Gary’s Notes:                                            

  2 Timothy 3:12  Indeed, all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, while evil people and imposters will go on  from  bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.

Matthew 5:10-12 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (11) Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil  against you falsely on my account. (12) Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for

So they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

The reason for persecution –  Righteousness .

    “Blessed are those who are persecuted for  righteousness sake……

    “Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute  you and say all 

     kinds of evil things about you falsely on account of me.

The response to persecution –  Rejoice

   “Rejoice and be exceedingly glad….”

The results of persecution –  Growth .

“….. For they persecuted the prophets before you.”

The rewards of persecution   Heaven   .

“…. For great is your reward in heaven.”

You can see  from the video how Satan has blinded the minds of unbelievers, turning cross of Christ from a symbol our liberation into  a symbol of oppression. 

Jeff’s Notes:

Jesus said: 

They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, the hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God.  

And they will do these things because they have not known the Father, nor me. (John 16:2-3)

Contemporary Examples of Persecution in the USA: teachers, bakers, military members.

  • A Manhattan math teacher has been “relieved of his teaching duties” after speaking out against what he’s rightly characterized as the critical race theory “indoctrination” students at the private school are being subjected to.
  • A high school football coach who led a Massachusetts school district’s team for nearly a decade was fired in early 2021 after he raised concerns about the use of critical race theory in his 7th grade class…
  • A math teacher at a private school in Manhattan has been put on leave for the rest of the term for speaking out against Critical Race Theory.
  • 114 Nurses being fired from Houston Hospital for refusing the experimental “vaccine” which is showing signs of major health complications at a far higher rate than is allowed by approved vaccines. 
  • Commander of Space Force fired for questioning Critical Race Theory.  
  • Baker in Colorado having death threats for refusing  to place homosexual messages on wedding cakes. 
  • Note: the Baker won his case in the US Supreme Court as part of his religious liberty, but that isn’t stopping the death threats he faces for his loyalty to Jesus.  A teacher was reinstated by the courts for violation of his religious liberty, but the school board wants to impose gender confusion on the teaching programs. 
  • Teacher Tanner Cross was suspended from his job as a gym teacher at Leesburg Elementary School in Virginia after he spoke out against two proposed school policies related to transgender students at a Loudoun County School Board meeting   “ I’m a teacher, but I serve God first and I will not affirm that a biological boy can be a girl and vice versa because it’s against my religion. It’s lying to a child, it’s abuse to a child, and it’s sinning against our God.”

You are not allowed to QUESTION or Disagree with this indoctrination into a satanic push to destroy God’s image in humankind. 

What we are experiencing is nothing compared to what is happening to our brothers and sisters in China and other places around the world —- YET. 

Allegiance to Communism above all else OR else
Allegiance to Communism above all else OR else

We would like Peace, but the problem with evil is that it will not let you rest until you agree with it and consent to its demands.  The problem is in the nature of the Satan. Because he cannot find peace, he cannot rest.  

That is why those who are caught in the satanic distortion of human nature and sexual identity cannot just live and let live. They want to force you to agree with them, as if that will satisfy the discomfort of their conscience and emptiness of soul.

In fact, they want to force their ideology on you, whether you like it or not or agree with it or not.  They don’t want you to be free to disagree.  Look at what happened to Lot: 

The two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them and bowed himself with his face to the earth and said, “My lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house and spend the night and wash your feet. Then you may rise up early and go on your way.” They said, “No; we will spend the night in the town square.” But he pressed them strongly; so they turned aside to him and entered his house. And he made them a feast and baked unleavened bread, and they ate. But before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both young and old, all the people to the last man, surrounded the house. And they called to Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us, that we may know them.” Lot went out to the men at the entrance, shut the door after him, and said, “I beg you, my brothers, do not act so wickedly. Behold, I have two daughters who have not known any man. Let me bring them out to you, and do to them as you please. Only do nothing to these men, for they have come under the shelter of my roof.” But they said, “Stand back!” And they said, “This fellow came to sojourn, and he has become the judge! Now we will deal worse with you than with them.” Then they pressed hard against the man Lot, and drew near to break the door down.  Genesis 19:1-9

Good News

Teacher Tanner Cross was suspended from his job a But last week, a judge ordered him reinstated , as it was a violation of his 1st Amendment Rights. 

Supreme Court Ruled  UNANIMOUSLY on fostering and adoption allowing Christian  organizations to refuse to allow homosexual couples or unmarried to adopt/foster.

Parent’s in many locations are standing up and fighting back

States fighting back against the imposition of an ideology. 

So What is God’s purpose in persecution:  refinement of character: 

Example  – Joseph

God never wills their evil but will sacrifice us if it will bring the lost to Him. 

Seeds blown by the wind: persecution in Jerusalem led to the spread of the Gospel throughout the world. 

To be conformed to the character of God, we must learn to love others who hate us: 

You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? And if you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.” (Matthew 5:43–48, ESV)

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The Real Jim Crow – 2021

One Picture Tells it all

Who is advancing the cause of racial discrimination? The US Government.

For a true Ideal of National Unity, see: E Pluribus Unum

To understand the motives and agenda behind this attempt to divide us into warring camps, see Apocalypse Now!

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PIERS CORBYN Man-Made Climate Change Does not Exist!

  • Piers Corbyn argues that Man-made Global Warming caused by CO2 is “nonsense”. Instead, he argues that “In the long run CO2 levels are an EFFECT NOT A CAUSE of changes in Climate / temperatures,” and that it is the sun that drives climate.
  • He challenges whoever is willing in Reading University or other appropriate institutions to a debate on the failed Global Warming scam Vs evidence-based science.

Piers Corbyn is an astrophysicist and Director of WeatherAction long range (months and years ahead) forecasts. He has a First class degree in Physics from Imperial College and an MSc in Astrophysics from Queen Mary College. He has published numerous peer-reviewed academic papers ranging from meteorology to cosmology and galaxy formation and has presented at many international conferences.

The CO2 “Climate-Emergency” story says that the trace gas CO2 (0.04% of air) is the main “control knob” of weather extremes and climate, and that Man’s CO2 – 4% of 0.04% of the atmosphere – is a major dangerous factor in this. Therefore, the story concludes, you must be taxed and controlled.

For the CO2 narrative to be true REQUIRES:

  1. Man’s (4%) CO2 to control the rest of (96%) CO2.
  2. CO2 to be the main controller of temperature and climate.

See full article here: https://readingunidebating.wordpress.com/2019/09/19/piers-corbyn-man-made-climate-change-does-not-exist/

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Why Would God Need Our Prayers?

Looks like my Mic dies at 25 min.

Why in the heck does God need our prayers?

“After many days the word of the Lord came to Elijah, in the third year, saying, “Go, show yourself to Ahab, and I will send rain upon the earth.”” (1 Kings 18:1, ESV)
“When Ahab saw Elijah, Ahab said to him, “Is it you, you troubler of Israel?” And he answered, “I have not troubled Israel, but you have, and your father’s house, because you have abandoned the commandments of the Lord and followed the Baals. Now therefore send and gather all Israel to me at Mount Carmel, and the 450 prophets of Baal and the 400 prophets of Asherah, who eat at Jezebel’s table.”” (1 Kings 18:17–19, ESV)
“And Elijah said to Ahab, “Go up, eat and drink, for there is a sound of the rushing of rain.” So Ahab went up to eat and to drink. And Elijah went up to the top of Mount Carmel. And he bowed himself down on the earth and put his face between his knees. And he said to his servant, “Go up now, look toward the sea.” And he went up and looked and said, “There is nothing.” And he said, “Go again,” seven times. And at the seventh time he said, “Behold, a little cloud like a man’s hand is rising from the sea.” And he said, “Go up, say to Ahab, ‘Prepare your chariot and go down, lest the rain stop you.’ ” And in a little while the heavens grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode and went to Jezreel. And the hand of the Lord was on Elijah, and he gathered up his garment and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.” (1 Kings 18:41–46, ESV)

It is about a distance of 10 miles that Elijah ran to get to Jezreel before Ahab’s horses and chariots.
God said he would send rain. Why did Elijah have to pray, and that 7 times?

Givehim15.com – March 11, 2021

“Is anyone among you suffering? Let him pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him sing praise. Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer of faith will save the one who is sick, and the Lord will raise him up. And if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven. Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is working. Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed fervently that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it did not rain on the earth. Then he prayed again, and heaven gave rain, and the earth bore its fruit.” (James 5:13–18, ESV)

God is Sovereign, he can do what he wills. Why does he desire and require our cooperation and participation?

Faith or Fatalism:
Fatalism: God is Sovereign. He will do whatever he wills, so why bother praying? Extreme Calvinism and Islam are similar in this regards towards God.
God is indeed sovereign and sometimes he acts without human participation, but often it is for judgment of a rebellious people. Even then, he relents when people repent.

“Jonah began to go into the city, going a day’s journey. And he called out, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!” And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them.” (Jonah 3:4–5, ESV)
“When God saw what they did, how they turned from their evil way, God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them, and he did not do it.” (Jonah 3:10, ESV)

“The heavens are the Lord’s heavens, but the earth he has given to the children of man.” (Psalm 115:16, ESV)

The Truth is that God’s will is for our victory, our healing, our deliverance and for salvation, but there is resistance in the earth and the atmosphere.

“Thy will be done on earth, as it is already being done in heaven….”
“Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil. For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.” (Ephesians 6:11–12, ESV)

We are in a war with others who are under Satan’s power either by deception or by willing obedience. They also have authority on the earth and give permission to be used for and by evil. And as in any battle, there are casualties on the good side. We, the people of God, are discouraged and give up in the battle. We get tired of the fight. We doubt God’s will and surrender to fatalism. If God wanted it to happen then it would.

Well God does not desire any to perish, but many do.

See how Daniel was resisted as he prayed.

“In those days I, Daniel, was mourning for three weeks. I ate no delicacies, no meat or wine entered my mouth, nor did I anoint myself at all, for the full three weeks.” (Daniel 10:2–3, ESV)
“Then he said to me, “Fear not, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand and humbled yourself before your God, your words have been heard, and I have come because of your words. The prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me twenty-one days, but Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I was left there with the kings of Persia, and came to make you understand what is to happen to your people in the latter days. For the vision is for days yet to come.”” (Daniel 10:12–14, ESV)

Not only does God require our prayers, but he wants us to be successful in our prayers. He wants us to maintain our determination, our face like flint, till we see our godly prayers answered.
Be Persistent in prayer:

“Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer.” (Romans 12:12, ESV)
“Continue steadfastly in prayer, being watchful in it with thanksgiving.” (Colossians 4:2, ESV)
“And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.” (Luke 11:9–10, ESV)

It is not God resisting your prayers… it is the enemy. Why does God allow the enemy to resist? War is necessary, to war through the resistance:

“Now these are the nations that the Lord left, to test Israel by them, that is, all in Israel who had not experienced all the wars in Canaan. It was only in order that the generations of the people of Israel might know war, to teach war to those who had not known it before.” (Judges 3:1–2, ESV)“They were for the testing of Israel, to know whether Israel would obey the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.” (Judges 3:4, ESV)

Do You really believe God wants to and will answer your prayers?

“If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him. But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind. For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord; he is a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.” (James 1:5–8, ESV)

Double minded in Greek is dipsychos = 2 minds.

“And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”” (Matthew 28:18–20, ESV)

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A Life of Unanswered Prayer

reprint from the Scholars Corner

A life of unanswered prayer
Accustomed to silent years of disappointment
I expect failure and not success:
How can I hope in You?
As the Psalmist sang:
“By the waters of Babylon we sat down and wept.”
How can we sing the Lord’s song in a foreign land?”

by the waters of Babylon we sat down and wept
By Gebhard Fugel – 1863-1939. An den Wassern Babylons

Where O Lord is your victory? Where is you mighty hand?
Where is the sign of your favor and love?
Yet my trust in You is unbroken.
You give me faith in your goodness,
No matter what happens to me.

My faith for the future is broken, my hope is crushed.
I looked for your salvation,
Your mighty works on the earth,
And my eyes have grown weary with waiting.
My heart is overcome with sorrow
Because of the sins of the earth and the death of the innocent.

Why do you remain silent?
Where is your power and why is your justice not on display?
Where are you when we cry out to you for deliverance?
Lord, we are without power or strength
We cannot redeem the earth.

Our voices are stilled, our tongues are mute.
When we speak, they do not listen.
If they hear, they only mock.
They think us fools and deceived.
There is no fear of the Lord in their hearts
For they say “there is no God!”

Without evidence of your majesty, they scoff and walk away.
Yet, I know that you love me,
You give me assurance in my heart.
How can I tell them of your love
If they will not listen?
How can I tell them to fear you
If they will not heed?

You know, O Lord! You know.

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What are the Cosmic Powers and How Can They Be Reconciled To Jesus?

A Theological Question. 

This is a question that has bothered me for some time and I don’t  have an answer.   We see in Scripture two contrasting images of spiritual powers, especially of rulers and authorities. The majority of references to these principalities and powers are negative: they are arrayed against the people of earth, bringing them into subjection and oppression. They are spiritual “hosts of wickedness in heavenly places.”  They exist as having legal authority to accuse and condemn human beings for their sins. Believers are in a spiritual struggle against them. And when Christ comes again, he will destroy every hostile authority and power. 

by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross. He disarmed the rulers (archas) and authorities (exousias) and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.” (

Colossians 2:14–15, ESV)

For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers (archas), against the authorities(exousias), against the cosmic powers (kosmokratoras) over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil (ponarias)in the heavenly places.

(Ephesians 6:12,ESV)
angels fighting in the heavenlies
Photo by Mathias P.R. Reding on Pexels.com

Then comes the end, when he delivers the kingdom to God the Father after destroying every rule (arche) and every authority (exuousian) and power. (dunamis) For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.

(1 Corinthians 15:24–25, ESV)

Yet in Colossians, it says these rulers and authorities were created through Christ and for him, and through the sacrifice of Jesus, these powers are to be reconciled to him.  How can they be reconciled if they are evil (wicked) and are opposed to the people of earth? There is no redemption for the angels who have fallen. How can these spiritual forces be reconciled and destroyed at the same time? 

For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones (thronoi) or dominions (kyriotes)  or rulers (archai) or authorities (exousia)—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.

(Colossians 1:16–20, ESV)
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